Monday, August 4, 2008

Chapter Two, Part Four

Outside the Military Medical Academy the rain was ending. Inside, the experiments of Dr. Voskressensky had stopped. Dr. Zeliony was planning what to do next. Dr. Lebedinsky would try taking into consideration the possible interferences of irradiation of inhibition of induction and the mean figures of the secretory effect of the five positive stimuli, averaged from a great number of experiments, collect money, food, clothing, bedding, and decide what differentiation became definitely established in spite of all these gross manipulations. Dr. Zimkin and Dr. Koupalov were able to make observations during the actual period of transition from the normal physiological state of the cortex to a pathological state, and then to study its therapy. The disturbance, however, went much deeper than this. Dr. Zimkin was going to leave the Los Angeles area. 

Inside the Congress of Natural Sciences, Dr. Zimkin didn’t see that the disturbances were so persistent as to require special measures, the flash of light in the sky. But Dr. Zimkin heard the shock wave and thought it was very evident that the variations in the chemical composition of the blood which resulted from excess of acid or alkali were differentiated by the cerebral termination of the chemical analyzer. 


Long before the inhibitory after-effect was tested, Dr. Zimkin knew that in similar experiments conducted by Dr. Frolov a modification was introduced by employing an inhibitory stimulus of greater intensity than the stimulus to the positive conditioned reflex. 

A second bomb had hit.

In the Congress of Medical Sciences, it was shown how internal inhibition, initiated in a single definite point of the cortical part of an analyser, rapidly irradiates over the whole analyzer, after which it is slowly concentrated upon its initial point.

The first bomb had struck about ten in the morning. The second one landed a little after noon. By two o’clock, Dr. Kalmykov tried to demonstrate the experiment in the presence of several visitors. The results were quite different: instead of the customary augmentation, the application of the inhibitory stimulus immediately before the positive one now caused a pronounced diminution in the positive reflex.

Though the relative strength of the reflexes remained unchanged, a general diminution in the strength of all the reflexes became apparent towards the end of the experiment. However, the effect of positive induction gradually makes itself felt at places nearer to the starting-point of the inhibition, and appears earlier after the incipient extinction. In other words, both as regards time and space, positive induction gradually overcomes and supersedes the inhibitory process.

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